Does plyometric training avoid muscle bulking and adverse change in appearance of female physical education students?

  • Fethi Taktak Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Tunis.
  • Ines Taktak University “René Descartes” Paris V
  • Roy J. Shephard University of Toronto
Keywords: Gymnastics, Jumping ability, Limb circumferences, Physical appearance, Skinfolds

Abstract

Background: Female athletes who engage in competitions where performance is judged partly on appearance are sometimes concerned that intensive muscular training may produce bulky and unsightly muscles. Purpose: To make an objective examination of possible increases of limb bulk in response to plyometric training. Methods: Female physical education students (10 experimental and 10 control subjects) aged 21.2 3.1 and 21.9 2.9 years respectively undertook 8 weeks of plyometric training, with measurements of limb dimensions before and after training. Results: The experimental group developed expected improvements in countermovement jump scores. They showed a decrease of hip circumferences, but no change in thigh and calf circumferences; increases of muscle bulk were compensated by loss of superficial fat. Skinfolds and circumferences remained unchanged in the control group over the period of observation. Conclusions: It appears that plyometric training can enhance the physical performance of gymnasts without muscle bulking that could adversely affect physical appearance.

Author Biography

Roy J. Shephard, University of Toronto
Professor Emeritus, Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of Toronto
Published
2013-12-30
How to Cite
Taktak, F., Taktak, I., & Shephard, R. (2013). Does plyometric training avoid muscle bulking and adverse change in appearance of female physical education students?. The Health & Fitness Journal of Canada, 6(4), 116-122. https://doi.org/10.14288/hfjc.v6i4.152
Section
THE PRACTITIONER'S CORNER

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