Mind-Fun Study: Feasibility of Square-stepping exercise in assisted living homes

  • Erin M Shellington School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London Canada
  • Dawn P Gill Centre for Studies in Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario
  • Kaylen Pfisterer Department of Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo; Schlegel-University of Waterloo Research Institute for Aging
  • Susan Brown Schlegel-University of Waterloo Research Institute for Aging
  • Jaimie Killingbeck Schlegel Villages
  • P. Karen Simmavong Centre for Studies in Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario
  • Andrea FM Petrella School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario
  • Narlon C Boa Sorte Silva School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario
  • Ryosuke Shigematsu Faculty of Education, Mie University
  • Robert J Petrella School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario; Centre for Studies in Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario
Keywords: older adults, cognition, retirement living, long-term care, dementia, cognitive training, intervention, randomized

Abstract

We proposed Square-stepping exercise (SSE) as a novel intervention in continuum care (CC) and long-term care (LTC) homes and conducted a pilot cluster randomized trial [2 SSE sites (2x/wk for 12-weeks) and 2 control sites]. Primary aim: to determine the feasibility of SSE via recruitment, attendance, and program fidelity. At baseline (V0) and post-intervention (V1) we assessed: cognition (Cambridge Brain Sciences), and mood and behaviour symptoms [participants with dementia (questionnaire)]. Participants (n=71) were 81.7 (SD 11.4) years old, and 75% female. Kinesiologists found SSE socially beneficial; however, there is limited feasibility as the overall attendance rate was 40.5%. SSE improved mood and behaviour symptom scores in participants with dementia (total, frequency, and severity), all F>1, p<0.05. No differences in cognition were seen. Further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of SSE on cognition; however, the feasibility is limited in diverse groups.

Published
2017-12-30
How to Cite
Shellington, E., Gill, D., Pfisterer, K., Brown, S., Killingbeck, J., Simmavong, P., Petrella, A., Boa Sorte Silva, N., Shigematsu, R., & Petrella, R. (2017). Mind-Fun Study: Feasibility of Square-stepping exercise in assisted living homes. The Health & Fitness Journal of Canada, 10(4), 3-22. https://doi.org/10.14288/hfjc.v10i4.243
Section
ARTICLES