A rapid review of recommendations for mitigating COVID-19 transmission in community sport and recreation facilities


  • Kevin Wilson University of Waterloo
  • Zachary C. T. Evans University of Windsor
  • P. Joseph Miller University of Windsor
  • Denver Brown University of Texas at San Antonio




public health, sport, recreation, facility management, occupational health, Covid-19


Purpose: This rapid review was conducted to develop recommendations that can mitigate COVID-19 transmission in community sport and recreation facilities so that the industry that supports physical activity and mental health can return to a degree of normalcy. Methods: Three databases (SPORTDiscus, Web of Science, Scopus) and the WHO COVID-19 database were systematically searched for peer-reviewed literature that provided practical implications for the return to indoor community sport and recreation facilities with the goal of reducing COVID-19 transmission risk. Results: The search and screening processes yielded 59 articles for full text review. The analysis resulted in 25 recommendations that were categorized in accordance with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s hierarchy of controls framework for addressing occupational hazards: elimination/substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective equipment. Conclusion: The results provide recommendations for public health (i.e., mandatory vaccination), architects/engineers (i.e., ventilation), and sport and recreation facility managers (i.e., cleaning) that can be enacted progressively in the event of future public health crises.


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How to Cite

Wilson, K., Evans, Z. C. T., Miller, P. J., & Brown, D. (2022). A rapid review of recommendations for mitigating COVID-19 transmission in community sport and recreation facilities. The Health & Fitness Journal of Canada, 15(1), 31–53. https://doi.org/10.14288/hfjc.v15i1.811




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