Physical Activity in the Prevention and Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease
Keywords:exercise, fitness, coronary artery disease, cardiovascular disease, clinical cardiac rehabilitation, cardiac rehabilitation, exercise rehabilitation
Background: Coronary heart disease stands as a leading cause of death worldwide. Purpose: The purpose of this student driven, narrative review was to explore potential risk factors for coronary heart disease and the effects of physical activity on coronary heart disease prevention and treatment. Methods: Literature searches using relevant keywords were conducted through the University of British Columbia Library, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Results: There was strong evidence demonstrating that regular exercise is effective in mitigating risk factors for coronary heart disease and reducing the incidence of adverse events associated with coronary heart disease. Exercise is a fundamental aspect of cardiac rehabilitation prescribed to individuals with coronary heart disease following a myocardial infarction. Conclusion: There is the potential for future studies to investigate the effects of specific exercise prescriptions in the treatment of CHD.
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